CARNATIONS

 
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Name The standard carnation we know today comes from Southern Europe where it can be seen growing in the wild. In 1852 a  French breeder by the name of A. Damais produced carnations that were both uniform and true to type
Description The carnation is available as a standard carnation - one large flower per stem, or a spray carnation with lots of smaller flowers.
Colour Hot Pink, Light Pink, White, Red, Yellow
Availability All year round
Varieties Barbara (hot pink), West Diamond (light pink), Polar Barbara (white), Kiss Caesar (red/yellow -variegated)
Care Tips Carnations can last up to three weeks but should be kept away from ripening fruit and vegetables becaise of ethylene gas.

 

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Dianthus.Caryophyllus is the botanical name for the Spray/Standard carnation. The Sweet William (Dianthus. Barbatus) is also a carnation but different species.

 

Carnation commercial production requires extremely high sunlight levels, with the right growing environment can be grown all year round with peak production in September-November. The perfumed varieties are coming back into fashion as the consumerís expect all flowers to smell, unfortunately during the cold winter months the smell dwindles, but comes back in Spring as strong as ever. Carnations are Ethylene sensitive so keep away from fruit in particular bananas and apples. Cutting the stem on a 45degrees angle greatly increases the suction area of the stems and by adding a teaspoon of sugar will ensure the maximum amount of closed buds will open.